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Arctic LTER - ARC


LTER Sites > Arctic LTER

NSF Award(s) DEB-9810222 (View all sites)

The Arctic LTER research site is in the foothills region of the North Slope of Alaska and includes the entire Toolik Lake watershed and the adjacent watershed of the upper Kuparuk River, down to the confluence of these two watersheds. This area is typical of the northern foothills of the Brooks Range, with continuous permafrost, no trees, a complete snow cover for 7 to 9 months, winter ice cover on lakes, streams, and ocean, and cessation of river flow during the winter. Tussock tundra is the dominant vegetation type but there are extensive areas of drier heath tundra on ridge tops and other well-drained sites as well as areas of river-bottom willow communities. The North Slope is divided into the Coastal Plain (6,000 km2), the Foothills (95,000 km2), and the Mountains (40,000 km2).
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Contact Information
Site Contacts
Principal Investigator: Gaius Shaver
Primary Contact:
Information Mgr: James Laundre
Education Contact: Amanda Morrison
Graduate Student Representative: Ashley Asmus
Social Science Representative: John Hobbie
Climate Science Representative: James Laundre
Communication Representative:
The Ecosystems Center
Marine Biological Lab
7 MBL St
Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA
Phone: 508 289 7472
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Site History
The key event in the development of research in the Upper Kuparuk/Toolik Lake region was the construction of the Alaska oil pipeline and Haul Road (later named the Dalton Highway) in 1974- 1976 (Alexander and VanCleve, 1983). Before that time, access to interior regions of the North Slope was limited by the lack of roads and the small number of widely scattered locations where aircraft (mostly fixed-wing) could land, take off, and be fueled or serviced. Completion of the Haul Road in September 1974 suddenly opened up a magnificent environmental transect across the heart of northern Alaska. Toolik Lake and the Upper Kuparuk River lie near the center of this transect, and ecologists and other environmental scientists were quick to exploit the opportunities for new research in the surrounding area.
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Research Topics
Movement of nutrients from land to stream to lake; changes due to anthropogenic influences; controls of ecological processes by nutrients and by predation.
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Institutional Affiliations Research Sites
Site Location
Lat: +68.62826 | Long. -149.59598

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Climate Info.
Annual High Mean Low
Temperature 23.9 c -6.9c -42.7c
Precipitation 462 mm/year 322 mm/year 201 mm/year